adult singles dating decatur mississippi - Problems with research on dating violence

Violence is not a single kind of activity, but rather a socially defined category of activities that share some common features.

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The categories of abuse that occur in intimate romantic relationships include: Emotional Abuse (also called psychological abuse or aggression, verbal abuse or aggression, symbolic abuse or aggression, and nonphysical abuse or aggression).

Psychological/emotional abuse has been variously characterized as "the use of verbal and nonverbal acts which symbolically hurt the other or the use of threats to hurt the other" (Straus, 1979, p.

Behaviors regarded as psychologically and/or emotionally abusive include, but are not limited to: (These examples are based on items from various instruments used to measure emotional aggression in romantic and family dyads including those by Follingstad et al., 1990; Hudson & Mc Intosh, 1981; Marshall, 1992a, 1992b; Ni Carthy, 1982, 1986; Pan, Neidig, & O'Leary, 1994; Shepard & Campbell, 1992; Stets, 1991; Straus, 1979; Straus & Gelles, 1986; Straus, Hamby, Boney-Mc Coy & Sugarman, 1996; Tolman, 1989). This could be considered a subcategory of emotional abuse since it serves many of the same functions as emotional abuse and has some of the same emotional effects on victims.

However, it can be distinguished by its focus on preventing victims from possessing or maintaining any type of financial self-sufficiency or resources and enforcing material dependence of the victim on the abusive partner (that is, this behavior is intended to make the victim entirely dependent on the abusive partner to supply basic material needs like food, clothing, and shelter or to supply the means to obtain them).

The desire to isolate the victim from other people can be one of the motives for economic abuse as well, however (See Social Isolation category below).

Behaviors that could lead to the material dependence of a victim of abuse on her (or his) abuser (some of which are already listed under the larger Emotional Abuse category) include but are not limited to, when the abusive party: Social Isolation.

The term "intimate relationships" is used here to be maximally inclusive of any romantic and/or sexual relationship between two non-biologically-related people, including dating or courtship relationships, relationships in which the romantic partners live together in the same household (cohabiting), relationships in which two people have children in common but are no longer formally romantically or sexually involved with one another, and marital relationships.

Ideally such relationships are loving and supportive, protective of and safe for each member of the couple.

For an action to be considered violent, it needs a victim or a group of victims.

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