Travel journals need updating

Initially, there was the recognition that “cigarettes are hazardous to health” and an acceptance of safer alternative tobacco products (cigars, pipes, light/lower-tar cigarettes).In the 1980s there was the creation of the seminal theme that “Cigarettes are lethal when used as intended and kill more people than heroin, cocaine, alcohol, AIDS, fires, homicide, suicide, and automobile crashes combined.” By around 2000, support for a less-dangerous light/lower tar cigarette was gone, and harm reduction claims were avoided for products like cigars and even for smokeless tobacco which were summarized as “unsafe” or “not a safe alternative to cigarettes.” The Surgeon General in 2014 concluded that by far the greatest danger to public health was from cigarettes and other combusted products.

At the same time the evidence base for smokeless tobacco and alternative nicotine delivery systems (ANDS) had grown.

Product innovation and tobacco/nicotine bio-behavioral, epidemiological and public health sciences demonstrate that low nitrosamine smokeless tobacco (e.g., Swedish snus), and ANDS have substantially lower harms than cigarettes.

YTB pays a commission or referral fee and tiered compensation to those who participate in the Rep marketing program. Lloyd "Coach" Tomer, his son Scott Tomer, and Kim Sorensen launched YTB in 2001 in Alton, Illinois.

Growth was slow until 2004, when YTB's creators bought controlling interest in a related company, REZconnect Technologies, increased their marketing budget, and aggressively recruited new members with videos of successful salespeople.

In May the company began a major restructuring, and stated that the President and CEO, Robert Van Patton, had submitted his resignation.

In September YTB called off the merger, and announced that founder and chairman Scott Tomer was also resigning.

An out-of-court settlement required changes to the company's business model, and generated a decrease in membership attributed to bad publicity.

That year YTB also sold Rez Connect, by then its technology and booking arm, to two of Rez Connect's officers.

When questions arose about health risks of tobacco, they focused on two key themes: 1) how bad is the problem (i.e., absolute risk) and 2) what can be done to reduce the risk without cessation (i.e., prospects for harm reduction).

Using the United States since 1964 as an example, we outline the leading themes that have arisen in response to these two questions.

The lawsuit says that the company "claims to sell travel services, but said company's main business is inducing others to become travel agents".

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